Supporting References and Research for the Adolescent Athlete’s Well-Being Toolkit

“You can’t stop the waves, but you can learn to surf.” ~ Jon Kabat-Zinn

Almost every day, athletes are training their bodies. However, it is also important to train your mind, emotions and awareness as well. The research continues to grow on the benefits of developing self-compassion and mindfulness in sport. From enhancing performance to dealing with injuries in sport, self-compassion and mindfulness can help. Following is some of the supporting research that specifically relates to adolescent age-group (i.e. ages 13-18) and sits behind the Adolescent Athlete’s Well-Being toolkit.

Mental Health and Wellbeing – General Statistics…

In 2013–14 –

  • 1 in 5 (20%) young people aged 11–17 had either high or very high levels of psychological distress (13% and 6.6%, respectively),
  • a higher proportion of females had high or very high levels of psychological distress (16% and 9.5%, respectively) compared with males (10% and 4.0%)
  • a higher proportion of those aged 16–17 had high or very high levels of psychological distress (11% and 16%) compared with those aged 11–15 (4.8% and 12%)

Lawrence, D., Johnson, S,, Hafekost, J., Boterhoven De Haan, K., Sawyer, M., Ainley, J., & Zubrick, S. (2015) The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra, Australia: Department of Health. N.B. This publication is often referred to as Young Minds Matter.

In 2020 – 2021 –

  • one in five (20%) Australians aged 16-34 years experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress (ABS, 2021).

Full research to be released soon, however click on link above to read the initial release.


A few pieces of research relating to mindfulness and sport –

Also – following are a range of articles that refer to mindfulness and sport –


Following is some specific information on adolescent athlete’s –

Any questions, please contact us to discuss. And feel free to bookmark this page as we will update the information later.